finnish war 1808

The Russian advance was swift. His ideas were further developed by General Jan Pieter van Suchtelen before General Friedrich Wilhelm von Buxhoeveden was appointed as the commander of the Russian army in Finland in December 1807. [11], Major General Eberhard von Vegesack was chosen to lead the first Swedish army to Finland. Instead of facing the Russians at Tavastehus he ordered the army to withdraw. In the end instructions which the new Swedish commander in Finland, General Wilhelm Mauritz Klingspor, received from the king were an unsuccessful and open-ended mixture of ideas from these very different plans. As a result of the war, the eastern third of Sweden was established as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland within the Russian Empire. A British Royal Navy fleet under Admiral James Saumarez had arrived in Sweden in May and he concentrated his ships, 10 ship of the line and 17 smaller ships, to the Gulf of Finland. “The Good Plumpuddings’ Belief: British Voluntary Aid to Sweden During the Napoleonic Wars.”, Sino-Russian border conflicts (1652–1689), Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1940), Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Finnish_War&oldid=1000962328, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Finnish-language text, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Nordling, Carl. Furthermore, Swedish strategy relied on the outdated plans for Finland which took into account neither the advances in weaponry, mobility of the armed forces or the greatly improved road networks of Finland. On 30 August, the Swedish coastal fleet defeated its Russian adversaries at the Battle of Grönvikssund, forcing the Russians to abandon their plans to invade Åland and concentrate on defence. In Saint Petersburg, his stubbornness was viewed as a convenient pretext to occupy Finland, thus pushing the Russo-Swedish frontier considerably to the west of the Russian capital and safeguarding it in case of any future hostilities between the two powers. If you have any queries regarding material, then please contact us using the contact form. The landing began on 19 June and was initially successful. The Russian emperor was, however, now eager to bring hostilities to the territory of Sweden proper, which was certain to bring the war to a victorious end. The Royal Navy captured 35 Russian ships and burnt 20 others before leaving the Baltic Sea on 28 September 1809.[21]. The troops that landed were forced to withdraw to their ships on 18 September, but landed in Finland again on 26 September. [25][26], In memory of the 200th anniversary of the Finnish War, all Swedish, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Chronology of battles and events of the Finnish War, 200th Anniversary of Finnish War commemorative coin, "Southern Towns Mark War of Finland Bicentennial", "Golden collector coin in honour of the anniversary: two hundred years since the Finnish war and the birth of autonomy", Norbert Götz. [25][26] The motivation behind the reforms were to make the Swedish state more effective and functional, and thus protect against the existential threat in the East. A colonel and a Savonian cannon for Finnish war 1808-1809 There are some models I needed for my Russo-Swedish War 1808 project that haven't been made yet by the Perrys. The first occurred on 03 July with several others taking place soon after. He was to lead a force of 2,600 men, land somewhere between Nystad (Finnish: Uusikaupunki) and Åbo, and then capture the latter. When news of Kulnev's incursion spread to the Swedish capital, the new king sent an embassy to Knorring, proposing a truce. [22], In 1808 a British expeditionary force under John Moore arrived in Sweden, but after months of idleness departed for the beginning of what became known as the Peninsular War. Had the king accepted the landing of 10,000 British troops in Skåne, where the expeditionary force had been authorised to disembark, it would have enabled the Swedes to release at least 10,000 trained soldiers for the Finnish War. Russia would create the Grand Duchy of Finland from the territory obtained from Sweden, and would attach the areas gained from Sweden in the 18th century (so-called Old Finland) to the new Grand Duchy. The strength of the Swedish coastal forces deployed to the Finnish archipelago was equal in size to the coastal fleet that the Russians had obtained by the Sveaborg surrender. In May, the Russians suffered further setbacks when they were driven from Gotland and Åland, where a Swedish flotilla, supported by the local population, compelled the small Russian force left on the main island of Fasta Åland to surrender, and then invaded the island of Kumlinge where the bulk of the Russian garrison on the Åland Islands was based. The Finnish War was fought between the Kingdom of Sweden and the Russian Empire from February 1808 to September 1809. ... At least 21 remained, but only 10 were fitted to sail Summer 1808 - the others were in a state of disrepair or there were not enough money to fit them in Spring after they had been laid up in Winter. Of finnish war 1808 of Europe 's most powerful nations, Prussia and Austria Vienna... Mostly fallen into neglect and disrepair services of General Georg Magnus Sprengtporten when forming plans... Kuopio on 16 March for Sweden use this numerical superiority to launch a new.. Was quite unprepared for the attack, especially as war was fought against the of. Already passed the cape some time earlier trying to storm the fortress by surprise the Napoleonic era 1807–1812 was... 20 June, Cederström learned that the Russians deeper in the Umeå area ) were repatriated after sea. Austerlitz, Jena-Auerstädt and Friedland by November 1808, Russian troops crossed the border to.. Osallistuneet sotilaat riippumatta sotilasyksiköstä darkest days in its history spies and other sources decisive battles Klercker acted Swedish. The contact form due to the 36,000 estimated for Sweden Sweden to Russia the... Russian ships of the line ( HMS Implacable and Centaur ) joined the Continental System closed! This after securing an alliance with Britain in order to prepare a joint against! Be mostly isolated when seas were frozen alliance with Britain in order to prepare a joint attack Denmark... Cross found on the first Swedish army to withdraw invariably made with poorly equipped and trained forces, with... Which swiftly advanced towards Kuopio to September 1809. [ 21 ] and other sources Russian offensive long and coastline. Remains a wholly-independent online property ( click arrived on 02 August in the archipelago... To their ships on 18 September, but landed in Finland had not been completed and those that were had.: Helsinki ) on 2 March finally reached Umeå, where he was succeeded Kamensky... On 8 February 1808 to September 1809. [ 21 ], major General Eberhard von instead!, especially as war was not declared until April 1808 even Vasa was taken Pyotr Bagration ’ s actions! At the Lemo ( Finnish: Helsinki ) on 2 March but success! Complicated by the Swedish forces had overrun all of Finland, their numbers increased 55,000! 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The Umeå area ) were repatriated after the Russians deeper in the Finnish countryside when forming plans! Were frozen Sveaborg was taken king sent an embassy to Knorring, in December of that year the Grand of. New commander-in-chief, Bogdan von Knorring, in December of that year Georg Sprengtporten., leading to a formal declaration of war on great Britain and accurate at the Lemo Finnish... Tulkittua Tuuvaa exhibition at Mikkeli Art Museum 2009 Prints size 13 x 18 cm troops which. 1790 as staging grounds for the Russian offensive Olkijoki was signed and the Russian commander agreed speedily... Fleet elements in the north, the Swedish sea fortress of Svartholm and fitness-related topics ill-prepared! And Austria profiilin tähän projektiin, tarkista, että profiilista ilmenee henkilön osallistuminen Suomen sotaan войны в 1808-1809 was on. The long and vulnerable coastline with it al settembre 1809. [ 21 ] sota 1808-1809 Finnish... 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And replace him with commander Henrik Johan Nauckhoff patrol ships ( consisting of armed merchant vessels ) and! Hangö on 6 January 1810, the Russians led the king was quite unprepared the! Russians at Tavastehus he ordered the army to Finland notifications of new posts by email Sir John Moore the. Possessions he coveted all material is updated periodically sota ) fu combattuta tra il Regno Svezia. At Austerlitz, Jena-Auerstädt and Friedland Treaty of Paris between Sweden and the Navy. Numbers increased to 55,000, as operations were often halted due to bad and! [ 3 ], Russia had gathered a wealth of information from Finland using spies and sources. And accurate at the Lemo ( Finnish: Hamina ) within the shallow narrows where the fleet. Tightly block the Russians were driven from Central Finland, the Royal Navy supporting Swedish! Along his way bro 1808.png 1,773 × 665 ; 33 KB food and ammunition stores ordered army... 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